Church of the Holy Sepulchre


On the Golgotha hilltop in Jerusalem, known also as Calvary, is the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and the site of Christ’s crucifixion, burial and resurrection.

Today the church is shared by five different Christian communities; Roman Catholic, Greek Orthodox, Coptic, Syrian Orthodox and Armenian.

The hill where the Church of the Holy Sepulchre now stands has been a site of worship since as early as the 2nd century with the first building believed to have been a Temple dedicated to Venus that was built by Hadrian.

It was emperor's Constantine Mother, Helena, that decreed that the Temple to Venus be torn down and a Church be built on top of the ruins, having decided that that is the place of Jesus Trancedence,