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Church of Mary Magdalene

Church of Mary Magdalene

 

 
The Church of Mary Magdalene was built in 1886 by Tsar Alexander III to honor his mother, Empress Maria Alexandrovna of Russia. It was constructed to David Grimm's design in the traditional tented roof style popular in 16th- and 17th-century Russia, and includes seven distinctive, gilded onion domes. The convent is located directly across the Kidron Valley from the Temple Mount.

 

 

 
The church is dedicated to Mary Magdalene, a follower of Jesus. According to the sixteenth chapter of the Gospel of Mark, Mary Magdalene was the first to see Christ after his resurrection. She is considered a crucial and important disciple of Jesus, and seemingly his primary female associate, along with Mary of Bethany, whom some believe to have been the same woman.

 

The Church of Mary Magdalene hold relics of two martyred saints, Grand Duchess Elizabeth Feodorovna of Russia and her fellow nun Varvara Yakovleva, are displayed in the church.

 

 
In the 1930s, Princess Alice of Battenberg, mother of the Duke of Edinburgh, visited the church and asked to be buried near her aunt, the Grand-Duchess Elizabeth. In 1969, she died at Buckingham Palace. In 1988, her remains were transferred to a crypt below the church. In 1982 the Russian Church in Exile canonised the new martyrs of the communist revolution and in May the bodies of Elizabeth and Barbara were moved from the crypt where only private veneration was possible to the upper church of St. Mary Magdalen. Since 1981 Elizabeth and Barbara are venerated as ‘new martyrs’ by the Orthodox Church in Exile at St. Mary Magdalene, Gethsemane. A statue of Elizabeth is among those of the twentieth century martyrs above the West Door of Westminster Abbey installed in 1998. In the changed political situation of the 1990s the Moscow Patriarchate considered recognition of the martyrs of this period including the members of the royal family and her status as a saint was also recognized in April 1992 by the Moscow Patriarchate.

 

 

 

 

source  wikipedia