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Montefiore Windmill

The Montefiore Windmill was built in 1857 on a slope opposite the western city walls of Jerusalem near where three years later the new Jewish neighbourhood of Mishkenot Sha'ananim was erected  by the efforts of British Jewish banker and philanthropist Moses Montefiore. Montefiore built the windmill with funding from the estate of Judah Touro, an American Jew, who appointed Montefiore executor of his will. The construction of the mill was part of Montefiore's broader program to enable the Jews of Palestine to become self-supporting as most Jews in Jerusalem at the time prayed and were supported by donations from abroad.